Common Names of Some Chemical Compounds...you do not have to learn these.

Common Name

Chemical Name

Formula

baking soda

sodium hydrogen carbonate

sodium bicarbonate

NaHCO3

bleach (liquid)

sodium hypochlorite or

hydrogen peroxide

NaClO

H2O2

bleach (solid)

sodium perborate

NaBO3

Borax

sodium tetraborate decahydrate

Na2B4O7.10 H2O

brimstone

sulfur

S

cream of tartar

potassium hydrogen tartrate

KHC4H4O6

Epsom salt

magnesium sulfate heptahydrate

MgSO4.7 H2O

Freon

dichlorodifluoromethane

CF2Cl2

galena

lead (II) sulfide

PbS

grain alcohol

ethanol

C2H5OH

graphite

carbon

C

gypsum

calcium sulfate dihydrate

CaSO4.2 H2O

hypo

sodium thiosulfate

Na2S2O3

laughing gas

dinitrogen oxide

N2O

lime

calcium oxide

CaO

limestone

calcium carbonate

CaCO3

lye

sodium hydroxide

NaOH

marble

calcium carbonate

CaCO3

MEK

ethyl methyl ketone

CH3COC2H5

milk of magnesia

magnesium hydroxide

Mg(OH)2

muriatic acid

hydrochloric acid

HCl

oil of vitriol

sulfuric acid

H2SO4

plaster of paris

calcium sulfate ˝ hydrate

CaSO4.˝ H2O

potash

potassium carbonate

K2CO3

iron pyrite (fool’s gold)

iron disulfide

FeS2

quartz

silicon dioxide

SiO2

quicksilver

mercury

Hg

rubbing alcohol

isopropyl alcohol

(CH3)2CHOH

sal ammoniac

ammonium chloride

NH4Cl

salt

sodium chloride

NaCl

salt substitute

potassium chloride

KCl

saltpeter

potassium nitrate

KNO3

slaked lime

calcium hydroxide

Ca(OH)2

sugar

sucrose

C12H22O11

TSP trisodium phosphate

sodium phosphate

Na3PO4

washing soda

sodium carbonate decahydrate

Na2CO3.10 H2O

wood alcohol

methyl alcohol

CH3OH